A evaluate of The Morgan 4 4 Sports activities Automobile, protecting improvement, necessary options, and technical information of this the second mannequin within the Morgan vary.On this Article, I supply a nostalgic have a look at the Morgan 4 4, certainly one of an elite group of traditional automobiles, which was manufactured in the course of the interval 1936 to 1950.In 1936, Henry Morgan and his son visited Ford’s new manufacturing facility in Dagenham.Following the go to, he confirmed his intention that Morgan was to stay a small and versatile firm, and wouldn’t observe the route of mass manufacturing.He meant to observe within the footsteps of males like Donald Healey, who had been automobile fanatics at coronary heart, and whose philosophy was that of being product fairly than course of led.By 1936, the Morgan Three Wheeler sports activities automobile had been in steady manufacturing for 27 years, during which time some 30,000 models had been constructed.Nonetheless, the introduction of small, economical, mass produced automobiles spelt the demise knell for the three wheeler.The corporate’s reply was to design and construct a very new automobile which had 4 wheels, not three.The brand new mannequin was named the Morgan 4 4 sports activities automobile.The prototype was rigorously examined each in trials and on the observe, and was lastly launched at Motor Exhibits in each London and Paris.The title “Four Four”, chosen to distinguish it from the earlier three wheelers, confirmed it had 4 wheels, not three, and 4 cylinders, not two.The automobile had a metal chassis with metal, later changed by aluminium, physique panels on an ash body, which gave it the mandatory energy and lightweight weight required in a sports activities automobile.
The Four-Four was an instantaneous success.The unique two seater Morgan Four-Four convertible, launched in 1936, was essentially the most wanted of the three variants.As much as 1939, the automobile was powered by a 1122 cc Coventry Climax engine, growing 34 bhp.Past this, it was changed by the Particular 1267 cc, overhead valve engine, growing 39 bhp, uniquely provided by the Normal Motor Firm.Previous to 1938, it included a 4 velocity Meadows gearbox, which was then changed by an equal Moss unit, fitted within the centre of the chassis, and related to the again axle by a brief prop shaft.The automobile used eight inch Girling drum brakes, activated by a rod and cable.In 1937, the 4 seater variant was introduced, additionally utilizing the Coventry Climax engine.Then, in 1938, and utilizing the identical chassis, the drophead coupe was launched.This was a sublime touring automobile, with excessive doorways, a particular windscreen, everlasting window frames, and a small wood panel at roof degree which allowed the hood to be closed simply and successfully.The early mannequin was fitted with the Coventry Climax engine, which was later modified to the 1267 cc Particular engine from the Normal Motor Firm.After WW2, all variations of the Four-Four had been fitted with the Normal 1267 cc engine, and continued to be constructed till 1950, when succeeded by the bigger Morgan Plus 4.The Four-Four Sequence additional strengthened Morgan’s fame for high quality, efficiency sports activities automobiles.Morgans acquitted themselves nicely in street races, such because the RAC Rally, in addition to the well-known Vacationer Trophy during which, in 1937, a Morgan Four-Four received on handicap.Primarily based on the 1937 profitable Four-Four, a brand new restricted version mannequin, known as the TT Reproduction, was showcased, with a particular sloping rear panel, and sporting a single spare wheel.One other restricted version mannequin, known as the Le Mans Reproduction, was primarily based on the Four-Four entered within the Le Mans 24 hour race of 1938 and 1939.In 1937, a small variety of modified automobiles had been constructed for the race observe, and featured 1098 cc Coventry Climax engines, with balanced crankshafts, growing 42 bhp.In 1938, a works tuned Morgan Four-Four, with a novice driver, was entered within the Le ans 24 hour race, and completed 13th general.The next yr, the automobile completed 15th general, and second at school at Le Mans.Round this time, two noteworthy trials had been undertaken:
A Ford V8 Pilot engine, growing 22 bhp, was fitted to a Morgan chassis, and produced a formidable efficiency
An Arnott supercharger, when fitted to a Morgan with a 1 litre engine, allowed it to achieve 80 mph
In 1946, automobile manufacturing resumed however, following submit WW2 shortages, the allocation of metal was on the idea of export manufacturing, fairly than for the house market.Accordingly, the corporate launched into an intensive export drive for brand spanking new markets.Because of metal shortages, submit WW2 Morgan physique panels had been constructed completely of aluminium.In 1947, the Normal Motor Firm launched a brand new single engine coverage whereby, after 1949, the particular association for the provision of the 1267 cc engine to Morgan would stop.In 1949, a prototype of a brand new Morgan was unveiled, that includes a Normal Vanguard 2.1 litre engine which generated a a lot improved efficiency, when put next with the Four-Four.
The brand new automobile was designated the Morgan Plus 4 sports activities automobile, and was launched in 1950.On the very first Goodwood Motor Racing Assembly in September 1948, Peter Morgan drove a Morgan within the 1100 cc class and completed in second place.The corporate was notably profitable when its automobile had been entered in motor races and hill climbs that had been aimed particularly at unmodified manufacturing automobiles.In 1954, a brand new firm innovation, the cowled radiator, was launched so as to make the most of its extra aerodynamic options.Within the public relations area, Morgan was on the forefront of securing the advantages derived from celeb endorsements.The truth is, in the course of the 1960’s, such notaries as Brigitte Bardot, David Bailey, and Ralph Lauren had been all seen driving about city in a Morgan sports activities automobile.Morgan had all the time targeting producing easy automobiles, with the intention of constructing them out there to the widest potential market.This marked the tip of the Morgan 4 FourPerhaps this stroll down reminiscence lane might need answered, or not less than make clear, a potential query:Which Morgan Sports activities Automobile is Your Favorite?Nonetheless, ought to this query nonetheless stay unanswered, I shall be reviewing, in some element, in future articles inside this web site, all the vary of Morgan sports activities automobiles which had been featured within the memorable period spanning 1911 to 1996.I hope you be a part of me in my nostalgic travels “down sports car memory lane”.