The Evolution of tyres

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Transportation is the way to convey individuals and merchandise from one geographical location to another. Transportation has been significant in every era of human progress. The wheel is the single most important discovery in terms of transportation. The world we see today could have been very different if the wheel did not exist.

People’s first methods for transport in early ages included swimming, walking and running. Then came the era of domesticating animals thus transporting heavier merchandise and people at faster rate.

Through the sands of time humans evolutions towards vehicles has given birth to the modern tyre –an important component of transportation. Industrialization was impossible without the advancement of the wheel and its various aspects. It is unavoidably important to advance transport framework for the best possible improvement of farming the better future of collaborative development.

The most important component was & will be the tyre in terms of vehicles such as a car, 4×4, truck, etc. Tyre has influenced car buying habits of the customers due to handling, grip & fuel economy. In areas like the UAE, Alaska, or even Russia, harsh weather conditions make the tire even more critical.

Although every renowned tire brand is available in such areas, selecting the right tires is a different story altogether. For example, you can buy Dunlop tires in Dubai, but the tire must be suitable for conditions in Dubai. Likewise, tires in Russia need to be suitable for driving in extreme winter conditions.

The tyre is like a silent guardian in a shadow, very important but easily negligible.

Today, in this article, we are going to take you through the mist of history on the roller coaster of the tyre, but before we start our ride lets all understand what modern tyre really is.

What is Tyre?

The tire is a hollow ring-like rubber piece, which interacts with the ground to provide stability & absorb shocks. Tires are fitted on the metal rim of the wheel and are loaded up with compressed air. Tyres can either be tubeless or tubed. Since their creation, natural rubber is the most generally utilized material in assembling of tires. In any case, present-day tires additionally utilize materials like steel wires, texture, carbon, synthetic rubber, and some other compounds.

Evolution of tyres

Following is the timeline of tyres.

Birth of tyres

Bands of leather were used in the construction of the tyres in early ages. Then came tyres made from wood and steel to be used in wagons and carts. A wheelwright was the worker who manufactured tyres, he would place the metal over forging fire thus contracting the metal and firmly fitting it on the sample wheel.

1847

Robert William Thompson a Scottish scientist was the first to have apparently get a patient of the pneumatic tyres in 1847 but unfortunately, the production never went into action.

1888

Karl Benz the founder of Benz introduced the first gasoline vehicle. This vehicle was equipped with metal wheels secured with a ring made of natural rubber and compressed up with air, bringing about life to pneumatic tires in 1888. Mainstream utilization of the pneumatic tire started in 1895. However, people accustomed with hard & metal tires accepted the pneumatic tire to be not exactly facinating.

1905

In 1905 an important feature of the tyre tread was introduced in tyres. The track is the piece of the tire on its surface that comes in direct contact with the ground. The tread is fundamentally known as the pattern of deep grooves formed into the tires.

Tyre tread is made out of thick rubber compound; tread on the tyre provides better traction and handling. As much the tires are utilized, the tread likewise worns off.

1931

Du Pont the American organization effectively industrialized the manufacturing of the synthetic rubber from the period of 1920 to 1931. This industrialization was possible due to the conveyer belt assembly system introduced by Henry Ford in 1913 for its Ford Model T.

This improvement permitted the tire business to expand manufacturing of tire in a larger amounts and better quality, introducing a defining moment in the tyre industry.

1923

In 1923 balloon tyre was introduced by Firestone. The balloon tyre was developed for the purpose of driving on uneven and soft surfaces. Balloon tyre operated at a very low air pressure while increasing the contact zone with the ground for stability.

1947

In 1947 tubeless tyres were introduced. A tubeless tire is fundamentally the same as a conventional tire but it has no tubing inside.

The air in the tire is held between the edge of the metal rim and tire itself, due to an impenetrable seal.

1946

Michelin developed radial tyres in 1946. Due to low rolling friction, radial tyres are economical in terms of fuel consumption.

The radial tyres additionally offer great drivability while driving at high speeds due to its brilliant footing on the ground.

Radial tyre soon became the pioneer of success all around the globe. This key point of radial tyres helped in the process of tyre promotion in UAE, Bangkok, Beijing, Jakarta, New Delhi, Seoul, and all across Europe and Asia. But the radial tyres weren’t so successful in the US because the suspension also needed changing in order for a radial tyre to be installed.

1970

Due to World War 2, the automobile market was not doing so well hence creating a downfall. But there was a lot of technological advancement in the field of tyres which fortunately gave a second life to the automobile industry by introducing run-flat in 1970.

Run-flat tyres were useful in the condition of tyre being puncture, because they could still operate at the speed of 80 km/p.

1980

In 1980 ultra-high performance (UHP) tyres were introduced.

The UHP has the following technologically advance features:

  1. Tire helped in increasing the rim diameter to more than 16 inches
  2. Its ratio of tyre flatness is under 55
  3. UHP tyre also provide its customers with the speed rating of V (240 kmph)
  4. It also has better braking capacity, fast traveling, and firm handling

2000

In 2000, an assortment of eco-friendly vehicles like the hydrogen and electric vehicles were of great interest due to the need for conservating the environment. In these vehicles, eco-friendly and fuel-efficient tyres were introduced.

The future of tyres

Non-Pneumatic Tire (NPT) is the foreseen future of tyre. Tyre manufacturers such as Michelin and Hankook are the ones hoping to achieve this amazing milestone soon while planning to publicize tyre in 2024.

Following are the characteristic of NPT:

  • NPT is equipped with Unique Puncture-proof Tire System, simply, NPT is not supported by the air pressure
  • NPT can be reused
  • The NPT will be utilized in eco-friendly vehicles
  • NPT does not go flat

Conclusion

Now you should be able to know where tyres started from, where they are and what future holds for the tyre.

Written by Verena A. Varner

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